Gastritis is inflammation, irritation or erosion of the lining of the stomach, known as the gastric mucosa. All or part of the gastric mucosa may be involved, thus it can be classified as acute or chronic.
Gastritis can be painful and cause gastrointestinal dysfunction. The primary causes of gastritis are infection of the stomach mucosa by the Helicobacter pylori bacteria, vitamin B12 deficiency, taking too many pain relievers or other anti-inflammatory drugs, and acidic and spicy foods and drinks.
The common symptoms are nausea, vomiting, feeling of fullness in the upper abdomen after eating, a burning or gnawing feeling in the stomach between meals or at night, indigestion, heartburn, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, dark stools and bloating. But symptoms of gastritis vary from person to person, and many people have no symptoms at all.
Dietary and lifestyle changes can significantly reduce inflammation and relieve the discomfort associated with gastritis. Here are some home remedies to cure the gastritis.
Fluids are important to clean out your gastrointestinal tract and soften fiber. Water is the ultimate beverage; it replenishes your body, has no calories and does not cause irritation. Drink lots of water at least 7-8 glasses a day. Water gets rid of body free radicals and harmful body toxins. This relaxes stomach and keeps body temperature cool and normal. Vegetable and fruit drinks, caffeine-free tonics, carbonated beverages and mild herbal teas are also acceptable if you can tolerate them. Avoid coffee, black tea, soft drinks, hot cocoa and alcohol because they will cause discomfort and irritation. Carbonated drinks can never be a replacement for water and the dissolved carbon dioxide actually makes the water acidic and aggravates the condition.
2. Chamomile Tea
The fragrant Chamomile has a chemical named chamazulene, which is anti-inflammatory in nature. So, if your gastritis is triggered by an infection or allergy, chamomile tea will mitigate it. It is rich in certain essential oils that are beneficial for the digestive system. It can even soothe the intestinal walls, providing relief from sudden pains, and eliminate gas. Plus, it can reduce stomach inflammation and thus reduce the risk of ulcers.
But never boil the teabags because they will destroy the active substances present in it.
- Add 1 or 2 teaspoons of dried chamomile flowers to 1 cup of hot water. Cover and steep for 5 to 10 minutes. Strain and drink this tea several times daily for a week. You can add honey if you prefer.
Peppermint has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antispasmodic properties which help to treat gastritis. Its soothing properties can reduce inflammation of the stomach lining. It also can help reduce nausea, indigestion, acid reflux and heartburn.
- Chew fresh peppermint leaves or add them to your soups, salads and smoothies.
- Crush a few green leaves into your tea, steep them and drink away after each meal.
- Take 1 tablet of peppermint 2 or 3 times daily.
Ginger has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Ginger stimulates digestion and also treats gastritis infection. It is helpful in eliminating bacteria and reducing recurrence of gastritis. It can reduce inflammation and treat the infection as well as alleviate symptoms like stomach pain, gas, indigestion, nausea and bloating
- Chew a small piece of fresh ginger root or take ginger capsules to treat gastritis.
- Add 1 teaspoon of freshly chopped ginger root to 1 cup of boiling water. Cover and steep for 10 minutes. Strain, add honey and sip this tea slowly. Drink it 2 or 3 times a day for about a week.
- Mix together ½ tablespoon each of ginger juice and honey. Take it before eating your meal 2 times daily for a week.
5. Fennel Seeds
Fennel seeds are highly recommended for gastritis treatment Fennel seeds help soothe the digestive system and relax the muscles in the gastrointestinal tract. Due to their stomachic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, fennel seeds are beneficial in relieving symptoms like indigestion, bloating, intestinal gas, heartburn and vomiting.
- Chew fennel seeds thoroughly after a meal to relieve symptoms. You can roast beforehand if you prefer.
- Add 1 teaspoon of fennel seeds to a cup of hot water. Cover and let it steep for 10 minutes. Strain and add a little honey. Drink it 3 times a day for a week.
- Simmer fennel seeds for a couple of minutes and let the seeds steep in the water. After it has cooled completely, drink the infusion. You can add half a teaspoon of jaggery or honey into it before drinking.
6. Carom seeds
Carom seed is a natural antacid. It reduces acidic reactions on the mucous membrane and relaxes stomach. They provide relief to the stomach’s mucous membrane from acidity and hyperacidity. Carom seeds can also treat indigestion, nausea and bloating.
- Mix together 1 teaspoon each of carom seeds with a little bit of black salt. Take 1 teaspoon of this mixture with a glass of warm water 3 times a day.
- Add 1 teaspoon of carom seeds powder and ½ teaspoon of black salt to a glass of buttermilk. Drink it 2 times a day.
- You can also boil 2 cups of water with 4 teaspoons of carom seeds until the water reduces by half. Strain the mixture and drink ½ cup of it 2 times a day.
7. Coconut Water
Drinking the sweet water of tender, green coconut is said to be very beneficial for those suffering from gastritis. Coconut water has a lot of minerals and compounds which are soothing for digestive system. It is very beneficial in removing toxic radicals from the body. It also helps maintain normal body temperature which assists in normalizing body digestive functions. Coconut water can be given to patient as frequently as possible in a day, for relief from gastritis. Try to drink a glass of this water three to four times a day. Also, be sure that the coconut water is not slightly tangy as that can cause acid reflux.
8. Holy basil leaves
Medicinal properties of holy basil have been praised in the Ayurvedic texts. Holy basil has also been found to be very effective for treating acute gastritis. It has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties which help to decrease inflammation and reduce infection caused by the H. pylori bacteria. It can help treat symptoms like stomach pain, indigestion, vomiting and nausea.
You can also crush the leaves, dried or green, make infusions with tea and drink it. This is another good herbal remedy for gastritis.
- Chew 4 to 5 leaves of holy basil slowly to relieves acid reflux and stomach pain. Do this daily for at least a few weeks.
- Mix 1 teaspoon each of basil juice and ginger juice and drink it 2 or 3 times a day for a week.
- Steep 1 teaspoon of basil leaves in hot water for about 5 minutes and then strain it. Drink this basil tea 2-3 times a day.
Yogurts contain active cultures that can help regulate the balance of good and bad bacteria in your gut and thus crowd out Helicobacter pylori. Yogurt with active live cultures is particularly beneficial in this regard. The probiotics present in yogurt help protect your stomach lining from H. pylori bacteria that causes gastritis. In particular, yogurt that contains Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium cultures has been shown to lower infection levels. It boost the effectiveness of conventional antibiotic and acid-reducing treatments for gastritis and ulcers. Yogurt boosts the immune system to fight off infection more quickly.
- Eat 2 to 3 cups of plain probiotic yogurt daily until you get relief.
Licorice has natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and soothing properties which are helpful in treatment of gastritis, inflammation and relieve symptoms like heartburn, a burning sensation in the stomach, indigestion and more. Especially, its root protects your stomach’s inner lining and reduces chances of ulcer from gastritis.
- Add 1 teaspoon of licorice powder to a cup of hot water. Cover, steep for 10 minutes and strain it. Drink this tea 2 or 3 times a day for a week.
Mild gastritis usually clears up within a few days. Simple home remedies along with lifestyle and diet modifications to prevent and control the problem. But, if you suffer from chronic gastritis and experience a lot of discomfort, it is advisable to consult your doctor as it can lead to ulcers.