Sudden pain that shoots deep into the nerve endings of your teeth when we eat cold, hot, sweet or sour foods is known as tooth sensitivity.
The roots of your teeth contain thousands of tiny tubules (channels) leading to pulp or a tooth’s nerve center. The hot, cold or sweet stimuli can travel through these tubules to reach the nerve in your tooth when your dentin (the covering on a tooth’s roots) becomes exposed by receding gum tissue.
Tooth sensitivity can be caused by tooth decay (cavities), a fractured tooth, worn fillings, gum disease, worn tooth enamel and exposed roots. Aging, using the wrong oral products and consuming a lot of acidic foods can also contribute to this problem.
Here are some remedies that you can try at home to help manage the condition and reduce pain.
1. Oil Pulling with Coconut Oil
Being a natural antibacterial agent, coconut oil helps reduce the plaque present on your teeth. Oil pulling with coconut oil can help reduce the number of Streptococcus mutans bacteria in your mouth and diminish tooth sensitivity. Oil pulling helps improve oral health and prevent problems like toothaches, bad breath, and gum disease.
- Put 1 tablespoon of extra-virgin coconut oil in your mouth. Swish it around for 20 minutes. Spit out the oil and rinse your mouth well with warm water. After rinsing, brush gently your teeth as usual. Do this daily in the morning before eating or brushing your teeth.
Note: Do not swallow or gargle with the oil, as it contains harmful bacteria from your mouth.
2. Salt Water
Salt have antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. It also helps relieve tooth sensitivity fast. Salt water improves the pH balance of the mouth, thus creating an alkaline environment in which harmful bacteria cannot survive. It can help reduce dental pain as well as help treat gum sores and side effects of recent dental procedures.
- Mix ½ teaspoon of salt in 1 cup of warm water. Rinse your mouth with this salt-water solution. If moving it to all parts of your mouth is painful, try holding it for a few minutes. Spit out the solution and rinse your mouth with plain water. Repeat twice daily until you are satisfied with the result.
3. Cloves and Clove Oil
Clove contains eugenol, a natural anesthetic. Cloves are a traditional remedy for numbing nerves. It has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antioxidant properties too that help for reducing tooth sensitivity, toothaches and fight infection. Initially, you can have burning sensation due to the clove oil, but it is harmless.
- Grind 2 whole cloves, mix in a little olive oil and apply this paste on your affected tooth for at least 30 minutes.
- Dab a cotton ball in clove oil and place it directly on your affected tooth for 20 to 30 minutes.
- Mix 5 or 6 drops of clove oil in ½ glass of lukewarm water. Rinse your mouth with this solution.
Garlic also helps deal with tooth sensitivity. Garlic has antibiotic called alicin and other medicinal properties that can be very effective in reducing the pain and can help in curing toothache. it is a powerful antibacterial agent and a natural anesthetic. It can help reduce pain resulting from tooth sensitivity as well as an abscess infection. It also helps kill the germs that cause oral infections and cavities. . It can also be used for the treat dental caries.
- Make a paste by mixing together 1 crushed garlic clove, 2 or 3 drops of water and some table salt. Apply it directly on the affected tooth. Let it sit for several minutes before rinsing it off with warm salt water. Repeat twice daily for a few days.
- Alternatively, cut garlic clove in half and gently rub the cut side against the affected tooth for 7 to 10 minutes. Rinse it off with lukewarm water. Repeat 2 or 3 times daily to alleviate pain.
5. Oregano oil
To get rid of tooth sensitivity, oregano oil is very effective due to its antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties.
- Put 2 or 3 drops of oregano oil on your clean finger and apply it gently on the affected tooth. Allow it to sit for 10 to 15 minutes before rinsing your mouth with lukewarm water. Repeat twice daily for a few days.
- Alternatively, mix 4 or 5 drops of oregano oil in ¼ cup of lukewarm water. Use this solution as a mouthwash, 2 or 3 times daily for a few days.
6. Guava Leaves
Guava leaves contain flavonoids, such as quercetin, keampferol, rutin with anti-inflammatory, analgesic properties; and free-radical scavenging activity. Due to its potent anti-inflammatory action, fresh guava leaves are widely used to relieve toothache and also heal mouth sores. They have analgesic and antimicrobial properties which is beneficial for toothache.
- Chew 1 or 2 tender, fresh guava leaves for a few minutes and then spit it.
- Add four or five fresh guava leaves in boiling water. Add some salt to boiled water and use it as a mouthwash or gargle regularly to attain quick relief from tooth pain.
7. Raw Onion
The antimicrobial properties of onion help kill the harmful bacteria in the mouth that cause oral infections. Onion contains quercetin flavonoids, which possess anti-inflammatory properties. This helps provide relief from pain caused by tooth sensitivity.
- Cut a piece of onion to a small size that will fit comfortably in your mouth. Put the cut slice on the affected tooth. Allow it to sit for 5 to 10 minutes. Thoroughly rinse your mouth with salt water to prevent onion breath. Repeat 2 or 3 times daily for a few days.
8. Hydrogen peroxide
Hydrogen peroxide can help fight toothaches. Its antibacterial property kills germs responsible for toothaches and other oral problems. This can provide temporary relief if the toothache is accompanied by fever and a foul taste in the mouth. It is only a stopgap measure until you see your dentist and get the source of infection cleared up. A hydrogen peroxide solution is only for rinsing.
- Swish with a mouthful of 3% hydrogen peroxide. Spit it out, and then rinse several times with plain water.
Note: Make sure to spit out the solution completely.
9. Avoid acidic foods and drinks
Exposure to red wine, pop, fruit juices and acidic foods such as oranges and pickles can put your enamel under constant attack. Frequent consumption of these can dissolve tooth enamel, leading to dentin exposure. Limit these foods and drinks, and try to brush about 20 minutes after eating them (not earlier, or the brushing may hurt your enamel further). Even if your teeth aren’t yet feeling sensitive, it’s a good idea to be cautious about consuming certain foods and drinks, as enamel loss is irreversible.
- Avoid or limit acidic foods and drinks, such as carbonated drinks, citrus fruits, and wine.
- After eating or drinking some acidic food or beverage, drink water to balance the acid levels in your mouth.
10. Maintain oral hygiene
Maintaining good oral hygiene helps prevent inflamed and sore gum tissue, cracked teeth and plaque buildup on the root surfaces that cause tooth sensitivity. It is essential to clean your teeth, mouth, gums and tongue thoroughly by following proper brushing and flossing techniques.
- Brush your teeth gently using a soft-bristled toothbrush twice daily. Do not use a hard-bristled toothbrush.
- Use desensitizing toothpaste to help reduce sensitivity. The ingredients in this type of toothpaste work by filling tubules in the dentin.
- Avoid using tartar-control toothpaste.
- Use a fluoridated mouth rinse to reduce high acid content in your mouth that can aggravate tooth sensitivity.
- Floss between your teeth twice daily.